During the menstrual cycle, an egg is released by the ovaries and it travels down through the fallopian tube. Ovulation is the time when the chances for getting pregnant are high. It is difficult to identify exactly when ovulation occurs but it usually happens 10 to 16 days prior your next period. To help you determine if you are ovulating there are ovulation kits and fertility monitors that can help you with it. The egg survives only for 24 hours after ovulation and a sperm must meet the egg within that duration for pregnancy to occur. The sperm can survive for several days after entering a women’s body.
To avoid pregnancy, you can choose any method of contraception from the ones listed below. Whether it’s a method, a medicine or a device each of them has its own pros and cons. Some choices are permanent while some are reversible.
- Vaginal Barriers:
They create a barrier between sperm and the uterus. The birth control products included in this category are condoms (male and female), diaphragms, cervical caps, and contraceptive sponges. For men, they can wear male condoms. The only method that protects against both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are condoms. The females can insert a female condom, diaphragm, cervical cap, or contraceptive sponge directly into vagina. These methods are 79% to 86% effective.
- Emergency Contraception:
If you’ve had unprotected sex or your contraception failed, emergency contraception can help prevent an unplanned pregnancy. The emergency contraception works by preventing or delaying ovulation. The two types of emergency contraception are the emergency contraceptive pill and the IUD.
- The pill is also popularly known as the “morning after” pill. It is available at the pharmacy and does not require prescription from the doctor. But it is important to remember that the sooner you take the pill after sex more effective it will be. It is 97.9% effective in preventing pregnancy.
- The IUD (Intrauterine devices) is a small, T-shaped contraceptive device which is made from plastic and copper. It requires a trained health professional to insert it into the uterus. It prevents an egg implanting in your womb or being fertilized. It can be inserted up to five days after unprotected sex or up to five days you could have ovulated. If used properly they are more than 99% effective.
- Hormone-Based Methods
These include a patch, shot, implant (under the skin in the arm) and a vaginal ring that releases the hormones. These methods are around 93% to 99.95% effective.
They are kind of foam or gel-like substances that kill the sperms while entering a women’s body. A woman can apply them directly into the vagina before sex. These are around 79% effective.
Follow this article to know about effective and natural contraceptive methods, in detail.
While choosing the birth control method you should consider a few factors like age, overall health, risks and possible non –contraceptive benefits of the method, medicine or device. The estrogen containing contraceptive can increase your risk of blood clots. Some hormonal ways can affect your periods or menstrual bleeding. Your choice should also consider whether or when you might want to start a family in the future.