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How agriculture is using the power of data science?

Get Data science training in Delhi at the most affordable price. One of the most important times in agricultural history will be characterized by the 21st century. The most important field of the Indian economy is agriculture, which provides jobs for almost half of the country’s workforce. India is the world’s second-biggest producer of fruits and vegetables. 

Agriculture in India lacks organizational attention, bank support in terms of loans and farmer welfare schemes, and is suffering from a plethora of disasters such as depletion of rural groundwater levels, climate change, or lack of erratic monsoons, droughts, floods, unfair output pricing policies, migration of farmers to the cities in search of better job opportunities, and more.

Agriculture is one sector capable of feeding every human, but the last to be taken care of are the individuals involved in it. Time has now come for technology to take over the shift after collapsing institutions. With new problems arising every day in the most unavoidable indigenous industries, it is high time we turn to emerging solutions to technologies.

The time has come for technology to take over the transition, with institutions failing to support agriculture in terms of providing loans and farmers’ welfare systems. Data Science for the rescue is here! Data is the industry’s requirement and, hence, there are a range of applications in data science. After revolutionizing industries such as IT, banking, manufacturing, finance, healthcare, and many more, the agriculture sector is all set to profit.

  1. A Growth Surge –

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization’s projections show a projected global population of 9.1 billion by 2050.1 Global food production will have to grow by 70 percent to satisfy that demand. Data integration provides farmers and the agribusinesses they associate with the opportunity to use advanced data capabilities to meet these criteria, communicating with each other seamlessly to minimize costs, drive efficiencies, creativity, and eventually profitability.

Farmers have never been so well equipped to obtain the assistance and advice they need from supply chain partners, helping them to work smarter, not harder, and see an unparalleled productivity boost. As we step into an age of ever greater market uncertainty and environmental scrutiny, companies across the agricultural sector that capture the capabilities granted by the data revolution place themselves to stay afloat and flourish.

2. Obtaining useful data to help combat food shortages and motivate small farmers –

Since data scientists have tools to efficiently process and analyze enormous quantities of data, initiatives are underway to decide how this knowledge could enable small-scale farmers to enter the fight to resolve global food shortages. 

A collaboration launched a project in September 2018 to run through 2030 and to look at data from approximately 500 million farmers in poor areas in 50 countries. The individuals behind the project hope that the data will show whether agricultural investments are paying off in different countries and help improve farmers’ policies.

3. Crop Mapping and digital soil –

This is associated with the development of digital maps for soil types and properties. Some people handle so many acres of land in the farming sector, it is almost difficult to get timely notifications and warnings without technology assistance about potential problems. In order to inspect areas more quickly than conventional methods allow, many countries such as Ireland also rely on satellite-based soil and crop tracking. This helps to determine what crops on a specific piece of land should be grown. This saves a great deal of time and effort and contributes to higher yield production.

4. Managing crops diseases and pests –

Agricultural pests can eat into the income of a farmer easily. Misuse of pesticides can, however, have adverse effects on humans, plants and other living things. Fortunately, several businesses are hiring data scientists to help them build user-facing platforms that analyze when and how often to use pesticides to apply. 

A Brazilian firm named Agrosmart is one of them. To assess the kind of insects on a crop and the quantity present, its technology relies on Internet of Things (IoT) sensors and artificial intelligence. Then farmers get an associated study and can use it to prepare their approaches to pest management. The aim is to enable farmers to manage pests with a reduced environmental impact cost-effectively. 

Agricultural pests can bite into the income of a farmer easily. Misuse of pesticides can, however, have adverse effects on humans, plants and other living things. While some insects can help farmers and crops immensely, others can be poisonous and spread diseases. Disease detection can be achieved by using drones to take photos of the field and process them to find areas that are contaminated within this field.

5. Agricultural Weather Forecast –

Weather plays a very crucial part in the production of agricultural crops and affects the growth, development and yield of crops. Physical damage to crops and soil erosion can be caused by weather aberrations. 

The quality of field-to-market crops depends on the weather. Poor weather may have a negative effect on crop quality during transportation or storage. Experts in data science know how to use instruments to detect trends and associations that would otherwise be secret. By analyzing complex factors contributing to weather shifts, they may draw conclusions that propel agricultural science forward. The effects of sifting through databases and studies to infer items like this will bring incredible improvements in agricultural processes.

6. Minimizing Climate Change affects –

An increasing problem that has already impacted the agriculture sector is climate change. Data science experts, however, are working hard to find out how to make up for the transition. One project involves providing Taiwanese rice farmers with IoT sensors so that they can collect information that is required about their crops. It will allow farmers to maximize their production cycles, even though it is difficult due to climatic changes. Due to extreme climate change, the conventional agricultural calendar is no longer adequate, but data analysis will revolutionize the future of agriculture. Data scientists are also studying soil data from agriculture to understand how soil can cope with climate change through the release of greenhouse gases and how soil can respond to climate change.

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