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What causes infertility in men and women?

Approximately 10 percent (6.1 million) of women in the United States between the ages of 15-44 are infertile. Infertility is quite a common problem among women these days.

What is Infertility?

Infertility is a phase when a woman is unable to conceive or get pregnant after trying for at least one year. If a woman is 35 years or above and she is not able to conceive, then she should consult her gynecologist after six months. Also, a woman who gets pregnant but fails to stay pregnant is also considered as infertile.

What are the prerequisite conditions to get pregnant?

Infertility can occur to both – men as well as women. About one-third of the problems are caused by infertility in women and one-third problems are due to the infertile situation in men. If a couple is planning to have a baby, then:

  • A woman’s body should release an egg from one of her ovaries which is also known as ovulation.
  • The released egg should pass through a fallopian tube towards her uterus, which is also termed as the womb. It stays in the fallopian tube for three to four days to get fertilized. These eggs should get attached to the uterus lining after it falls from the fallopian tubes to the uterus.  
  • During sexual intercourse, a man’s sperm must join and fertilize the egg along the way.

If such natural events don’t occur in a woman’s or man’s body, then it’s high time to consult a relevant doctor. There are many clinics owned by fertility specialist in India with positive outcomes. Get in touch with a good medical travel assistant company for budget-friendly medical treatment in India.

What causes the occurrence of infertility in men?

A man’s lifestyle is entirely reflected on his sperm count. The things that can reduce his sperm count are:

  • Over-consumption of alcohol
  • Intake of drugs
  • Smoking
  • Environmental pollutants such as lead
  • Health problems related to kidney, liver or heart
  • Certain medicines that can affect the sperm
  • Age
  • Cancer treatment procedures such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy

What factors cause infertility in women?

Most infertile problems in women are related to ovulation. If the ovulation term doesn’t happen, then there are no eggs produced or released. The irregular menstrual cycle is the main cause behind it and the main reason is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is the hormonal disorder that badly disturbs woman’s hormonal levels. Acne and facial hair are common symptoms.

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) is the phase before menopause in which ovaries start becoming dysfunctional. Therefore, it leads to infertility in women.

However, there are other rare causes responsible for  infertility in women and they include:

  • Certain uterus problems.
  • Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes out of pelvic inflammatory disease, etc.
  • Uterine Fibroids

Other than this, age, smoking, liquor consumption, obese, being underweight, sexually transmitted infections, poor diet and an unhealthy lifestyle are responsible for infertility in women.

How is age related to woman’s fertility?

Many women plan to have a child in their 30s or 40s. In the United States, about 20 percent of women have their first baby after 35 whereas about one-third of couples start facing fertility problems once the woman crosses 35.

Age is inversely proportional to woman’s infertility. As a woman ages, her fertility rate decreases. This is due to:

  • Her ovaries become infertile to release eggs.
  • Her eggs are not as healthy as they are in her early 30s.
  • She becomes prone to several health problems that can make her infertile.

For how long a woman should try to get pregnant before consulting a gynecologist?

Most doctors recommend trying for at least a year. If a woman crosses 35, then she should consult after six months. And once a woman starts crossing her 30s, her chances of getting pregnant starts reducing. Therefore, a woman should have an appointment with their doctor if they face:

  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Painful periods
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • More than one miscarriage

What are the treatments followed by the doctor to cure infertility?

Depending on the man’s or woman’s condition, the doctor may recommend medications, perform surgery, artificial insemination or assisted reproductive technology.

Your doctor may ask you to go for the tests and depending on the results, he may ask you the following questions:

  • For how long the couple has been trying to get pregnant.
  • The overall health and age of the couple
  • Preferences of the partners

Doctors treat infertility in men in the following ways:

  • Impotence: For men facing impotence or premature ejaculation, the doctor may treat with behavioral therapy or medicines.
  • Sperm Count: Surgery is the solution to remove sperm from the male reproductive system. Doctors may also recommend antibiotics to treat infections affecting the sperm count.
  • Little to no sperm: Sometimes, a man’s semen has little to no sperm because of blockage in the man’s reproductive system. A surgical procedure is carried out to treat such situations.

Similarly, in women, surgery is mostly used to correct such situations.

Final Thoughts:

There are many fertility medicines available to treat ovulation problems. It is important to consult your doctor to discuss its pros and cons before having them. You should be well aware of its side-effects and effects.

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