Spinal stenosis – symptoms and treatment
Spinal stenosis is a condition that occurs when the spaces within your spine narrow and that puts pressure on the nerves which travel through the spine. This condition occurs mostly in the lower back along with the neck. This problem is mainly caused by wear and tear changes in spine linked with osteoarthritis . in many severe cases of Spinal stenosis, doctors recommend surgery to create extra space for spinal cord or nerves.
Types of Spinal stenosis
There are mainly two types of Spinal stenosis which are classified as per the location. Below we have listed two main types :
- Cervical stenosis – In it, the narrowing occurs in part of the spine in your neck.
- Lumbar stenosis – In this type, narrowing occurs in part of the spine in the lower back and is the most common types.
Symptoms of Spinal stenosis
Below are some signs of Spinal stenosis experienced by patients
Symptoms of the cervical spine
- Weakness in arm, leg or foot
- Neck pain
- Bladder dysfunction
- Balancing problem
Symptoms of the lumbar spine
- Weakness in leg or foot
- Pain or cramping in both legs
- Tingling in leg or foot
- Back pain
- Main causes of Spinal stenosis
Many people are naturally born with a small spinal canal, however mostly the condition occurs when something happens to narrow the space within the spine. Main causes are:
- Overgrowth of bone due to osteoarthritis
- Herniated disks due to dry out of soft cushions with age.
- Thickened ligaments and stiffness
- Tumours due to abnormal growth of cells
- Spinal injuries due to accidents and other trauma
Treatment of Spinal stenosis
Mainly arthritis and injury cause the spinal cord to narrow, and it occurs among older adults. There are several treatment options for this condition including medications, injections , physical therapy and exercise. In case of all these treatment options fail, and pain carries out to disrupt your daily activities, then the spine surgeon will recommend spine surgery. List of best spine surgeons in India for Spinal stenosis treatment
Dr Hitesh Garg with 14 years of experience
He is one of the best spine surgeons in India and has performed more than 4000 spine surgeries. Specialized in utilizing latest cutting edge technology counting Neuromonitoring, modular operation theatres O-arm, Navigation. His specialization includes Paediatric Spine Surgery & Scoliosis Surgery, Spine Surgery, Disc Replacement, Spinal Deformity corrections, Artificial Disc replacements, and more.
Dr Vineesh Mathur with 28 years of experience
He is one of the best spine surgeons having an experience of over 5000 independent surgeries. He is also a member of the North American Spine Society and Association of Spine Surgeons of India. Currently working as Director at MEDANTA – THE MEDICITY, GURGAON.
Dr Navaladi Shankar with 21 years of experience
He is a well known international trauma tutor and has specialization in Lower Back Pain and Neck Pain Treatment, Laminectomy, Trauma Surgery and Arthritis Management. He is a proud member of many organisations Indian Trauma Society, Asia Pacific Orthopedic Association, Knee Arthroplasty Society, Tamil Nadu Orthopedic Association, and more.
Dr Jawahar Pahuja with 20 years of experience
He is one of the well-known spine surgeons and holds expertise in spine surgery, Trauma management, Joint replacement, and more. His special interest includes Total Hip Replacement,& Spine (Lumbar) TKA, Trauma, Injective bone Patho and wound m/m.
Dr B. Mohapatra with 15 years of experience
He is one of the expert spine surgeons in India expertise in Spinal Pain Degenerative Spinal Disorders and Osteoporotic Fractures of Spine. He is a member of many prestigious organisations counting ASSI, Orissa Orthopaedic Association and SCS.
Dr Sajan K Hegde with 33 years of experience
He is one of the best spine surgeons in India who has initiated several spines and joint surgeries by such as minimally invasive sacroiliac joint fusion as well as cervical artificial disc. He holds expertise in all non-surgical as well as surgical treatments of trauma, tackling etc.
The main goal of spine surgery is to decompress the spinal canal . after the surgery pain will persist for some days and require medications to reduce. A doctor will recommend light exercises to insure that back do not stiffen .it would take about three months after spine surgery to recover fully.